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Coverage of Clinical Trials

NIMICT Original

Coverage of Clinical Trials

Affordable Care Act


  • A group health plan or health insurance issuer covering a qualified individual cannot prevent them from participating in a clinical trial related to the treatment of cancer or another life-threatening condition
  • A plan or issuer cannot limit or add conditions to the coverage of routine patient costs within the trial
  • A plan or issuer cannot discriminate against anyone because of their participation in a trial



Medicare covers routine costs of clinical trials and items/services used to diagnose and treat complications that result from participating in clinical trials



There must be a signed consent form for the clinical trial and documentation that the patient was enrolled in a clinical trial in which patients with the same condition were being studied


Differences in Coverage Policies by State

California: Health care service plans are required to provide coverage for health care services related to the treatment of insured patients diagnosed with cancer and accepted into a clinical trial

New York: Coverage for clinical trials is not mandated

Illinois: Routine patient care is covered, as long as the individual is participating in a cancer research trial

Texas: A health benefit plan issuer provides benefits for routine patient care costs to a clinical trial participant if the clinical trial is related to the prevention, detection, or treatment of a life threatening disease or condition

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